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Jewish converts, Inquisition, expulsion and diaspora

In 1478 the Catholic Monarchs created the "Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición" (Inquisition) to persecute heresy and impose the Christian faith. The entire population of Jews who had converted to Christianity was suspected by the Inquisition of practising Judaism in secret. They were therefore regularly repressed and persecuted. This room examines the suffering and hardship inflicted upon those who were persecuted, tortured and finally forced into exile.

Outstanding items

"Auto-da-Fé"

Pedro Berruguete, 16th century (image of the painting found at the Prado Museum, Madrid). The brutal repression engendered by the Inquisition against converted Jews led to the holding of the now infamous "Autos-da-Fé", public trials and executions of those accused of practising Judaism, and which were held with great pomp and ceremony to teach a lesson to all individuals who dissented from what was considered to be the "one true faith".

 

Document of Expulsion

Manual d'Acords, 20 abril de 1492 (còpia facsímil de l'original de l'Arxiu Municipal de Girona). El dia 20 d'abril de 1492 els Jurats de Girona varen rebre notificació de l'ordre del rei que manava que abans del dia 31 de juliol tots els jueus i les jueves que no es volguessin convertir marxessin de la ciutat per a no tornar-hi mai més. Amb aquest edicte, copiat en el Manual d'Acords de l'Ajuntament, es cloïen més de sis segles d'història compartida i fructífera.

 

The Star Courtyard

The central courtyard of the Bonastruc ça Porta Centre, which houses the Museum of the History of the Jews. A museum first opened in Girona in 2000 to recall and rehabilitate the history of the city's Jewish inhabitants who, with very high cultural attainments but at the same time often leading anonymous daily lives, contributed to the wealth and success of the city.

 
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