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Jewish culture. Girona, city mother of Israel

Quite a few Catalan Jews played major roles in medieval science, literature and philosophy. The large panel presiding over the room is a tribute to these illustrious personalities. Among these, MossÚ ben Nahman, or Nachmanides, the "Master of Girona", stands out. This most important figure of Girona's Jewish community in the Middles Ages has his own reserved space in the exhibition, highlighting the quality and reputation of his work, as well as the trajectory of his life from Girona to the Land of Israel.

Outstanding items

Seal of MossÚ ben Nahman

13th century, Catalonia. Reproduction (original held in the Israel Museum).
In the course of archaeological digs near Acre (Israel) in 1970, a bronze seal was found. The most important figure in Jewish society in Girona, MossÚ ben Nahman, also known as Nahmanides or Bonastruc ša Porta, used it to sign his letters and documents with. The seal bears the Hebrew inscription: "Moses, son of Rabbi Nahman, from Girona, have courage!".

 

Torat ha-Adam

Ink on paper, leather binding. Venice, 1595 (donated by Rabbi M. SÚrels). The work known as Torat ha-Adam (The Law of Man) is among the most representative of the writings of MossÚ ben Nahman. In it the great Jewish philosopher of Girona establishes a code of morality and behaviour for the rituals of death and mourning. This volume is a first edition in Hebrew produced in Venice three hundred years after the author's death.

 
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