<< Cinema >>
Consortium Digital Cinema Initiatives (DCI). Technical specifications of digital cinema.
Star Wars II: Attack of the Clones, by George Lucas, the first major Hollywood film to be shot entirely in 24 frame-per-second high-definition digital video.
The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, by Peter Jackson, the first major film to use the Performance Capture technique, the digital capturing of acting or movement, to create the character Gollum. The movements and expressions of an actor wearing a special costume full of sensors are digitally captured.
Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow, by Kerry Conran, the first film in which the actors were filmed in front of a green screen, using chroma key compositing.
King Kong, by Peter Jackson, the film with the highest number of digital effects shot (2,510). This surpassed the record of previous films, such as Star Wars III: Revenge of the Sith, by George Lucas, or the Lord of the Rings trilogy, by Peter Jackson.
Netflix begins its service for streaming movie distribution.
3D films become more widespread in cinemas following the success of Avatar, by James Cameron.
The JPEG2000 format is recognised as standard, ISO/IEC 15444-1.
J-Phone introduces the J-SH04 in Japan, the first commercially available mobile phone with a camera that can take and share still pictures. CMOS sensor.
The Canon EOS-1D is released, aimed at the professional market
The Kodak EasyShare System, a new line of digital cameras and docking systems that set the standard for ease of use for digital photography, is launched. It is considered a sub brand of Eastman Kodak Company.
Polaroid goes bankrupt.
Contaxt introduces in Japan the NDigital, the first full frame SLR digital camera, with a CCD the same size as a 35 mm frame.
Olympus introduces the Olympus E-1, the first Digital SLR Camera, with 5 megapixels.
Kodak ceases production of film cameras
Flickr photo-sharing service launched.
Kodak stops making black and white photographic paper.
AgfaPhoto files for bankruptcy. The production of Agfa brand consumer films ends.
The canon EOS 5D is launched. Canon EOS 5D, first consumer-priced full-frame digital SLR, with a 24x36mm CMOS sensor
Dalsa produces a 111 megapixel CCD sensor, the highest resolution at that time.
Konica/Minolta exists camera and film business, selling some assets to Sony.
Kodachrome, the photographic film that was Kodak’s cash cow, is discontinued in 2006 after 74 years of production.
Nikon and Canon stop producing film cameras.
Kodak launches Kodak Professional T-MAX 400 Black-and-White Film, offering photographers a level of clarity normally available only from 100-speed film.
Polaroid announces it is discontinuing the production of all instant film products.
FujiFilm launches world's first digital 3D camera with 3D printing capabilities.
<< Amateur Film >>
The first Home Movie Day is held, on the initiative of a group of archivists concerned about the conservation of the amateur films made during the 20th century.
Kodak stops making Kodachrome 40 film in Super 8 format. To replace it, it brings Ektachrome 64T reversible colour film onto the market.
New optical discs, Sony's Blu-Ray and Toshiba's HD-DVD, are developed for storing high-definition video, although the latter ceased production four years later.
The first broadcasts in high-definition digital television are made in Europe.
The first video is uploaded on YouTube.
The first cameras are developed that record on SSD (Solid State Drive).
The Sony Xel-1, the first TV with OLED (organic light emitting diode) technology, goes on sale.
Apple presents the iPod, a digital audio player based on Flash memory able to support different formats.
iTunes, the on-line music store, opens and soon becomes the leader in internet music sales. At the same time sales of music on traditional supports fall.
Internet portal Spotify opens, making it possible to choose and listen to music without having to download it to a computer (via streaming).