Pathé develops Pathécolor, a stencil-based film tinting process.
The first regular cinemas open.
A non-flammable film made by the Lumière brothers come on the market: cellulose diacetate, which was used mostly in the home filmmaking market.
George Albert Smith and Charles Urban launch Kinemacolor, a two-colour additive colour process.
Émile Cohl makes the first fully animated short film.
An international congress establishes Edison 35mm film as the standard format for professional filmmaking.
The first panchromatic plate appears, sensitive to all the colours of the spectrum.
The Lumière brothers patent the autochrome, the first commercial colour photograph.
The Kinora comes onto the market: a device for use at home, on the table, for viewing short films through a lens using a system that flips through the frames printed on pieces of cardboard glued to a rotating axle.
Gaumont's Chrono de Poche camera comes onto the market, the first camera that replaces manual traction (a handle) for winding the film with a motor worked with a string (clockwork mechanism).
Several home movie-making devices are marketed with different formats of narrow-gauge film that all fail: Vitak with 17.5mm film (USA, 1902), Ernemann's Kino I with 17.5mm film (Germany, 1903).
Kodak brings out Safety Film, non-flammable cellulose acetate film, safer than cellulose nitrate. It was initially used mainly in the home filmmaking market.
Constantin Perski, lecturer in electricity at the Saint Petersburg artillery academy, uses the term television for the first time.
Russian scientist Boris Rosing designs a television system that uses mechanical means for the exploration of the image and Braun's cathode ray tube for the receiver.
Léon Gaumont presents a film projector at the Universal Exposition in Paris that synchronizes the images with the sound from a flat disc.
Léon Gaumont developed the chronophone, a system that synchronized the projection of images from a cinematograph with the gramophone records.
Canadian inventor Reginald Aubrey Fessenden makes the first audio radio broadcast in the world.
Lee De Forest invents the triode, the first electronic system for amplifying and controlling the volume of sound.
The Victor Talking Machine Company begins selling the Victrola, a new family of phonographs that were concealed inside a wooden piece of furniture.