The Nuclear tests

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Between 1946 and 1958, the United States Army carried out nuclear tests on the Marshall Islands almost continuously: 43 on Enewetak Atoll, 23 on Bikini Atoll, and one about85 milesfrom Enewetak. Altogether, the 67 nuclear tests had a power 7,000 times greater than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima. The most notable was the hydrogen bomb known as Bravo, which had a force equivalent to 1,000 times the Hiroshima bomb. These bombs had significant repercussions, both for the environment as well as for the health of the people, even for populations supposedly far from the danger, such as Rongelap or Utrik which, due to the winds and acid rain, were also subjected to nuclear radiation. The inhabitants of Enewetak and Bikini had to suffer, in addition, the expulsion from their lands.

Detonations of nuclear tests by the United States Army in the Marshall Islands [1]

 

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Listing of Nuclear Tests in the Marshall Islands: A Chronology of Events

Test #

Date

Site

Type

Yield (kt.)

Operation

Test

1

6/30/46

Bikini

Airdrop

21.00

CROSSROADS

ABLE

2

7/24/46

Bikini

Underwater

21.00

CROSSROADS

BAKER

3

4/14/48

Enewetak

Tower

37.00

SANDSTONE

XRAY

4

4/30/48

Enewetak

Tower

49.00

SANDSTONE

YOKE

5

5/14/48

Enewetak

Tower

18.00

SANDSTONE

ZEBRA

6

4/7/51

Enewetak

Tower

81.00

GREENHOUSE

DOG

7

4/20/51

Enewetak

Tower

47.00

GREENHOUSE

EASY

8

5/8/51

Enewetak

Tower

225.00

GREENHOUSE

GEORGE

9

5/24/51

Enewetak

Tower

45.50

GREENHOUSE

ITEM

10

10/31/52

Enewetak

Surface

10,400.00

IVY

MIKE

11

11/15/52

Enewetak

Air Drop

500.00

IVY

KING

12

2/28/54

Bikini

Surface

15,000.00

CASTLE

BRAVO

13

3/26/54

Bikini

Barge

11,000.00

CASTLE

ROMEO

14

4/6/54

Bikini

Surface

110.00

CASTLE

KOON

15

4/25/54

Bikini

Barge

6,900.00

CASTLE

UNION

16

5/4/54

Bikini

Barge

13,500.00

CASTLE

YANKEE

17

5/13/54

Enewetak

Barge

1,690.00

CASTLE

NECTAR

18

5/2/56

Bikini

Air Drop

3,800.00

REDWING

CHEROKEE

19

5/4/56

Enewetak

Surface

40.00

REDWING

LACROSSE

20

5/27/56

Bikini

Surface

3,500.00

REDWING

ZUNI

21

5/27/56

Enewetak

Tower

0.19

REDWING

YUMA

22

5/30/56

Enewetak

Tower

14.90

REDWING

ERIE

23

6/6/56

Enewetak

Surface

13.70

REDWING

SEMINOLE

24

6/11/56

Bikini

Barge

365.00

REDWING

FLATHEAD

25

6/11/56

Enewetak

Tower

8.00

REDWING

BLACKFOOT

26

6/13/56

Enewetak

Tower

1.49

REDWING

KICKAPOO

27

6/16/56

Enewetak

Air Drop

1.70

REDWING

OSAGE

28

6/21/56

Enewetak

Tower

15.20

REDWING

INCA

29

6/25/56

Bikini

Barge

1,100.00

REDWING

DAKOTA

30

7/2/56

Enewetak

Tower

360.00

REDWING

MOHAWK

31

7/8/56

Enewetak

Barge

1,850.00

REDWING

APACHE

32

7/10/56

Bikini

Barge

4,500.00

REDWING

NAVAJO

33

7/20/56

Bikini

Barge

5,000.00

REDWING

TEWA

34

7/21/56

Enewetak

Barge

250.00

REDWING

HURON

35

4/28/58

Near Enewetak

Balloon

1.70

HARDTACK I

YUCCA

36

5/5/58

Enewetak

Surface

18.00

HARDTACK I

CACTUS

37

5/11/58

Bikini

Barge

1,360.00

HARDTACK I

FIR

38

5/11/58

Enewetak

Barge

81.00

HARDTACK I

BUTTERNUT

39

5/12/58

Enewetak

Surface

1,370.00

HARDTACK I

KOA

40

5/16/58

Enewetak

Underwater

9.00

HARDTACK I

WAHOO

41

5/20/58

Enewetak

Barge

5.90

HARDTACK I

HOLLY

42

5/21/58

Bikini

Barge

25.10

HARDTACK I

NUTMEG

43

5/26/58

Enewetak

Barge

330.00

HARDTACK I

YELLOWWOOD

44

5/26/58

Enewetak

Barge

57.00

HARDTACK I

MAGNOLIA

45

5/30/58

Enewetak

Barge

11.60

HARDTACK I

TOBACCO

46

5/31/58

Bikini

Barge

92.00

HARDTACK I

SYCAMORE

47

6/2/58

Enewetak

Barge

15.00

HARDTACK I

ROSE

48

6/8/58

Enewetak

Underwater

8.00

HARDTACK I

UMBRELLA

49

6/10/58

Bikini

Barge

213.00

HARDTACK I

MAPLE

50

6/14/58

Bikini

Barge

319.00

HARDTACK I

ASPEN

51

6/14/58

Enewetak

Barge

1,450.00

HARDTACK I

WALNUT

52

6/18/58

Enewetak

Barge

11.00

HARDTACK I

LINDEN

53

6/27/58

Bikini

Barge

412.00

HARDTACK I

REDWOOD

54

6/27/58

Enewetak

Barge

880.00

HARDTACK I

ELDER

55

6/28/58

Enewetak

Barge

8,900.00

HARDTACK I

OAK

56

6/29/58

Bikini

Barge

14.00

HARDTACK I

HICKORY

57

7/1/58

Enewetak

Barge

5.20

HARDTACK I

SEQUOIA

58

7/2/58

Bikini

Barge

220.00

HARDTACK I

CEDAR

59

7/5/58

Enewetak

Barge

397.00

HARDTACK I

DOGWOOD

60

7/12/58

Bikini

Barge

9,300.00

HARDTACK I

POPLAR

61

7/14/58

Enewetak

Barge

LOW

HARDTACK I

SCAEVOLA

62

7/17/58

Enewetak

Barge

255.00

HARDTACK I

PISONIA

63

7/22/58

Bikini

Barge

65.00

HARDTACK I

JUNIPER

64

7/22/58

Enewetak

Barge

202.00

HARDTACK I

OLIVE

65

7/26/58

Enewetak

Barge

2,000.00

HARDTACK I

PINE

66

8/6/58

Enewetak

Surface

FIZZ

HARDTACK I

QUINCE

67

8/18/58

Enewetak

Surface

0.02

HARDTACK I

FIG

[1] Embassy of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Washington D.C. Nuclear Issues. http://www.rmiembassyus.org/Nuclear%20Issues.htm